Melanoma, also known as malignant melanoma, refers to a type of cancer that emanates from the melanocytes. Melanocytes are the pigment-containing cells. While melanomas occur mostly in the skin, there are rare instances where they would also affect the mouth, eyes as well as the intestines.
This condition mainly attacks the legs in women and the backs in men. Usually, melanomas develop from a mole which often goes to increase in size and irregular edges as well as changes in color, itchiness and then skin breakdown. Like is the case with many types of cancer, the primary cause of this condition is exposure to ultraviolet light coupled with low levels of skin pigmentation. However, there are a host of other causes as we shall discover later in the article.
Melanoma is classified based on the body part it affects and how the general condition develops and in this regard , we have the following types of melanoma;
Lentigo maligna Lentigo maligna melanoma Acral lentiginous melanoma Superficial spreading melanoma Nodular melanoma Mucosal melanoma Amelanotic melanoma Desmoplastic melanoma Polypoid melanoma Soft-tissue melanoma